Sunday, December 21, 2014
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History of the Museum 

The Warwick Museum of Art (WMOA) began in 1974 as a Bicentennial project by members of the National Federation of Women's Clubs (Warwick Chapter) who partnered with other non-profit organizations around the city. In Warwick, the nation's 200th anniversary was spread over 12 months in 1976 to include as many groups as possible; February was the month chosen for non-profit groups to celebrate.

The theme "From the past, to the present, to the future" was adopted to create pride in the City, to educate Warwick residents about their history, and to have a place where local art exhibitions and historic displays could be shown. An exhibit traveled to local schools to promote the new museum and to give students an idea of what it would be like. 

Many locations were considered before then-Mayor Gene McCaffrey located a space at the Pontiac Mill complex. Members of the Museum board and supporters renovated the space for a February 29, 1976 opening, and member organizations sponsored fundraising events to assist with this event. 

WMOA's first director, Carol Blank, was paid through a federal grant and the first exhibit depicted the preparation of flax, demonstrations of spinning and weaving, and life-sized pictures of workers in the mills.  The exhibit project came in fifth out of 10,000 clubs competing across the nation and brought a cash award to the Museum. The Bicentennial committee also gave the Museum a cash award.

WMOA's first president was Warwick Junior and Community Improvement chairman Joyce Almeida; Harry Knickle of the Jaycees and Julina Olney of the Warwick Historical Society were named vice presidents. Other groups represented were the Jaycee-ettes, the Rotary, the Warwick Teachers Union, the Kent County Visiting Nurses Association, the Red Cross, and the Warwick Chamber of Commerce.

Early exhibits were historical. A permanent collection did not exist, so exhibits were borrowed from other museums or personal collections. Over the years a wide range of exhibits, ranging from fine silver from the Smithsonian's collection, to an exhibit on professional quahogging in Narragansett Bay, were mounted at WMOA.

The local Boys Club moved out of the Kentish Artillery Armory in the 1970's and when the last member of the Kentish Guard passed on, the Armory was deeded to the city. WMOA moved to the Armory in 1977 after a renovation by board members and friends.

Art Education became a key part of the organization's outreach and has thrived over the years. After strong public interest in art exhibitions, the museum voted to focus more on art, and its name was changed; first, to the Warwick Art Museum and, finally, to the Warwick Museum of Art in 1997. 

History of the Kentish Armory

WMOA's current home, the Kentish Artillery Armory, was designed by the Providence firm of William R. Walker and Son, the same architects who designed Warwick City Hall. The building was designed with projecting square corner towers and a battlemented parapet. The unique, red-brick building was erected in 1912 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Kentish Artillery Company traces its roots back to 1797 when it was first organized, as the Kentish Light Infantry, at the recommendation of George Washington. Warwick gave the Kentish Artillery permission to build its armory on the eastern portion of the town lot in 1854 and, more than a century later, its building was given to the City. The Greek Revival structure was destroyed by fire in 1911. 

Two Revolutionary War cannons were given to the the Kentish Artillery in 1804. When the current Armory was built, two niches for cannons were included on either side of the front door. The Walker firm added a charge of $2.50 to their final invoice for "carting the cannon" to the new building, pointing to the fact that the guns were valuable and made of metal. The cannons now located in the niches are replicas; the originals disappeared in 1972 and the case of the missing cannons has never been solved.

Another unique feature of the building is a long, narrow "shooting gallery" in the basement which is now used for museum storage.

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